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If you’re in the fabrication industry, you understand the importance of efficiency, safety, and profitability in your welding operations. Bug-O Systems specializes in manufacturing cutting and welding power tools designed to meet your specific needs, whether shipbuilding, resurfacing, plate fabrication, pressure vessel welding, or other industries.

With a wide range of operator-controlled industrial cutting machines and welding systems, Bug-O Systems offers solutions that enhance productivity and ensure superior weld quality. Our cutting-edge equipment is known for its reliability and performance, providing the tools you need to achieve optimal welding results.

What Are the Main Types of Welding Processes?

Different welding processes are available, each with unique advantages, depending on what kind of job you need. Let’s look at some of the most common ones.

Gas Metal Arc Welding

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), also known as Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding, is a versatile welding process commonly used in manufacturing, fabrication, and repair work. It is popular because it is relatively easy to learn, provides high welding speeds, and produces high-quality welds. GMAW uses a continuous feed wire electrode and a shielding gas to protect the weld from atmospheric gasses that could cause contamination.

The shielding gas used in GMAW varies depending on the material being welded. For example, welding aluminum requires pure argon gas, while welding carbon steel can use a mixture of argon and carbon dioxide. The heat generated by the electric arc melts the wire and base metal, fusing to form a strong joint.

Flux Cored Arc Welding

Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) is a welding process that uses a tubular wire electrode with a flux powder inside. The flux serves several purposes, including creating a shielding gas to protect the weld, adding alloying elements to the weld pool, and generating slag that protects the weld from contamination.

FCAW can be divided into two categories: Gas Shielded (FCAW-GS) and Self Shielded (FCAW-SS). FCAW-GS uses an external gas sourceto provide a shielding atmosphere to the weld puddle, while FCAW-SS generates its own shielding atmosphere from the flux powder in the electrode. FCAW is often used in welding thick materials, requiring high deposition rates.

Submerged Arc Welding

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) is a welding process that uses a continuously fed electrode and a powdered flux to generate a protective gas shield and slag that protects the weld zone. The electrode is submerged beneath the flux, and the heat generated by the electric arc melts the flux and base metal, which then fuse to form a strong welded joint.

SAW is commonly used in applications requiring high-quality welds, such as welding pressure vessels, pipes, and structural steel. It is known for its high deposition rates, deep penetration, and low heat input. However, SAW requires a heavy and expensive equipment setup and is less versatile than other welding processes.

Which Bug-O Equipment Helps Multiple Welding Processes?

Bug-O equipment offers a range of solutions for various welding applications. This section will explore the Bug-O equipment that can help with multiple welding processes, including GMAW, FCAW, and SAW.

 

cw-5

  • The CW-5 is designed for single or multi-pass welding of couplings or nozzles on pipes and vessels.
  • Utilizes GMAW or FCAW process with gas shield.
  • Equipped with its own wire feeder, rotation drive motor, rise and fall cam assembly, and welding gun.
  • Horizontal and vertical racking is used to position the torch.
  • Includes a 30 lb (14 kg) spool holder.
  • Supplied with 50″ (15.2 m) of gas hose, hot lead, control cable, and all cables from the remote box to the circle welder.
  • Cable and wires do not get wrapped up or tangled regardless of the direction of rotation.

CW-5AX Circle Welder

cw-5ax

  • The CW-5AX is designed for single or multi-pass welding of couplings and nozzles on pipes and vessels.
  • Available for SAW, GMAW, or FCAW processes.
  • Offers all features of CW-5.
  • Includes meter kit, torch angle adjuster, and flux hopper.

CWE-5 with Remote Control

cwe-5

  • The CWE-5 has a digital readout for rotation speed.
  • Controls for wire feed speed, cold inch/purge, pre-flow and post-flow, burn back and wire feeder, forward and reverse.
  • Adjustable overlap with manual and automatic settings.
  • Supplied with 50″ (15.2 m) of gas hose, hot lead, control cable, and all cables from the remote box to the circle welder.

CWE-5AX Circle Welder

cwe-5ax

  • The CWE-5AX is designed for single or multi-pass welding of couplings and nozzles on pipes and vessels.
  • Available for SAW, GMAW, or FCAW processes.
  • Offers all features of CW-5.
  • Includes meter kit, torch angle adjuster, and flux hopper.

CW-7 Circle Welder

cw-7

  • The CW-7 is equipped for GMAW, FCAW, or SAW welding on vessels and domed heads.
  • Working range of 6″-24″ (152-610 mm) O.D. nozzles with no cable wrap-up for multi-pass welding.
  • Capable of using welding wire sizes from .035″-3/32″ (.8-2.4 mm).
  • Carries 60 lb. (27 kg) spools of wire.
  • Complete with wire feeder, gun and cable assembly, flux hopper, wire reel, and meter kit.
  • Mounts on a 3-jaw chuck.

CWE-7 Circle Welder

cwe-7

  • The CWE-7 is equipped for GMAW, FCAW, or SAW welding on vessels and domed heads.
  • Working range of 6″-24″ (152-610 mm) O.D. nozzles with no cable wrap-up for multi-pass welding.
  • Capable of using welding wire sizes from .035″-3/32″ (.8-2.4 mm).
  • Carries 60 lb. (27 kg) spools of wire.
  • Complete with wire feeder, gun and cable assembly, flux hopper, wire reel, and meter kit.
  • Mounts on a 3-jaw chuck.
  • Digital readout for rotation speed.
  • Controls for wire feed speed, cold inch/purge, pre-flow and post-flow, burn back and wire feeder, forward and reverse.
  • Adjustable overlap with manual and automatic settings.

Types of Mechanized Welding Processes

Mechanized welding is a technique that involves the use of mechanization equipment to perform welding tasks with precision, accuracy, and consistency. Different types of mechanized welding processes are available, each with unique features and benefits. Here are some commonly used types of mechanized welding processes:

  • Track Welding: Track welding is a mechanized welding process that uses a rail or track system to guide the welding head. This type of welding is used for long straight welds and can be done with various welding processes like GTAW, GMAW, FCAW, and SAW.
  • Trackless Welding: Trackless welding is a mechanized welding process similar to track welding, but instead of using a rail or track system, the welding torch is guided by a motion control system that tracks on the workpiece. This type of welding is highly flexible and can be used for welding curved or irregular-shaped structures.
  • Weave Welding: Weave welding is a mechanized process that involves moving the welding head back and forth in an oscillating¬† motion to create a wider weld bead. This technique is used for creating strong and high-quality welds on thick materials.
  • Circle Welding: Circle welding is a mechanized welding process that involves keeping the workpiece stationary¬† while the welding head moves in a circular motion to create a complete circular weld. This type of welding is commonly used for welding pipes, tanks, and vessels.

Each mechanized welding process has advantages and disadvantages, and selecting the appropriate process depends on the application type and the welding project’s requirements.

Get the Best Mechanized Welding Solutions from Bug-O

We offer a range of mechanized welding solutions that can help increase productivity, accuracy, and safety in welding operations. From track welding to circle welding, the equipment is designed to meet the needs of various welding applications.

By using Bug-O equipment, welding operators can benefit from increased efficiency and precision, reduced welding time, and improved weld quality. With a variety of options to choose from, including welding carriages, welding tractors, and circle welders, Bug-O has a solution for every welding need.